In order to expand weather information monitoring in Gilgit-Baltistan, up to fifty automated weather stations are deployed at various sites.
The initiative, totaling $37 million, to identify and manage hazards related to Outburst Floods, is based on specifics of the installation of these weather stations (GLOFs).
The automated weather stations have precise forecasting possibilities while providing data in real-time.
They can run nearly everywhere with modest power requirements which may be met by a single solar panel and are perfect to be deployed in GLOF prone locations.
The measurement will be carried out by Pakistan Meteorological Department (PMD) to monitor all the critical surface meteorological conditions needed in hydrological modeling to develop flood scenarios and compute GLOF lead times.
Official data have shown that Pakistan is home to more than 7,200 glaciers across 17,000 square km in the North, the home of the massive HinduKush-Karakoram-Himalayan (HKH) Mountains.
These glaciers are made up of more ice than everywhere else outside the polar areas the third pole. And these glaciers feed the rivers that make up to 75% of Pakistan’s 220 million people inhabited water supply.