An elected president represents the people of Pakistan’s Islamic Republic, whose leader is the president. According to Pakistan’s constitution, the president is given the authority to dismiss the National Assembly, which would need a fresh election, and remove the prime minister from office.
Since the passage of the 18th Constitutional amendment in 2010, Pakistan has returned to a parliamentary republic from a semi-presidential one. That arrangement gives the Prime Minister greater executive authority, while the President is relegated to a ceremonial role.
Senate, National Assembly, and Provincial Assemblies are all members of the Electoral College, which selects a president. Pakistan has had thirteen presidents since the position was created in 1956. It was created with the passage of Pakistan’s 1956 constitution and the election of Iskander Mirza as the country’s first president.
Pakistan was a dominion of a Commonwealth of Nations until 1956, and Queen Elizabeth II was the monarch of Pakistan during that time. There have also been two acting presidents in office for a brief amount of time in addition to these twelve.
Wasim Sajjad, one of them, held the position of acting president twice, in 1993 and 1997–98, although he did not serve in that capacity consecutively. The president may serve a maximum of five years in office. When a president’s term ends early or while the president is away, the Chairman of a Senate takes control.
List of All Presidents of Pakistan
When Pakistan’s first constitution, the 1956 Constitution, came into effect, the monarchy was replaced as head of state by the president. He was elected to a five-year term by the electoral college. As a last resort, the National Assembly speaker functioned as acting president.
He was born in 1899 in Murshidabad. He won the presidential election of 1956 and won the seat of President on 23 March 1956. Mirza belonged to a Republican party. He was the president of Pakistan till 27 October 1958. He died in 1969 in London.
Ayub Khan was born in 1907 in Rehana. He became President of Pakistan after Martial Law was imposed by Iskander Mirza, who was later deposed by Gen. Ayub Khan and became President of Pakistan on 27 October 1958 and remained in office till 8 June 1962.
After it again became President on 8 June 1962 till 29 November 1963 as part of the Pakistan Muslim League (C). And he died in 1974 in Islamabad.
Mohammad Afzal Cheema
He was born in 1913 in Gojra and became an acting President from 11 June 1962 till 29 November 1963. And died in 2008.
Fazlul Qadir Chaudhry
He was born in 1919 in Raozan and was appointed as Acting President of Pakistan on 29 November 1963. He left the office on 12 June 1965. And died in 1973 in Dhaka.
Again Ayub Khan was elected as the President of Pakistan from 12 June 1965 to 25 March 1969. He won elections as part of the Pakistan Muslim League (C).
He was born in 1917 in Chakwal. Yahya Khan became President of Pakistan on 25 March 1969. He left the office on 20 December 1971 and died in 1980 in Rawalpindi.
Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto
Bhutto was born in 1928 in Ratodera and won elections on 20 December 1971 on behave of Pakistan Peoples Party. He was elected President of Pakistan from 20 December 1971 till 13 August 1973. He died in 1979 in Rawalpindi.
Fazlul Ilahi Chaudhry
He was born in 1904 in Kharian. He won elections and was elected as President of Pakistan from 14 August 1973 till 20 April 1978.
Sheikh Anwarul Haq
In 1917 he was born in Jalandhar and was appointed as acting President on 20 April 1978 till 7 May 1978 on behave of the Pakistan Peoples Party. And died in 1995 in Lahore.
Fazlul Ilahi Chaudhry
He was born in 1904 in Kharian and won elections on 14 August 1973. He was elected as President of Pakistan from 7 May 1978 till 16 September 1978 as part of the Pakistan People’s Party. And died in 1982 in Lahore.
He was born in 1924 in Jalandhar and became President of Pakistan on 16 September 1978 on behave of the Army of Pakistan due to Martial law. He died in 1988 in Bahawalpur.
Ghulam Ishaq Khan
He was born in 1915 in Ismail Khel. He was elected as President of Pakistan from 17 August 1988 till 18 July 1993. Ishaq Khan won elections as an Independent member. And died in 1006 in Peshawar.
Wasim Sajjad was born in 1941 in Jalandhar, and he became acting President of Pakistan from 18 July 1993 to 14 November 1993.
He was born in 1940 in Choti zareen and became President of Pakistan on 14 November 1993 till 2 December 1997 on behave of the Pakistan Peoples Party. And died in 2010 in Rawalpindi.
He again became acting President from 2 December 1997 till 1 January 1998 through Pakistan Muslim League (N).
Muhammad Rafiq Tarar
He was born in 1929 in Mandi Bahauddin and became President of Pakistan from 1 January 1998 till 20 June 2001. And died in 2022 in Lahore.
He was born in 1943 in Delhi and became President of Pakistan two times. Once on 20 June 2001 till 6 October 2007. Then again, from 6 October 2007 till 18 August 2008 through Muslim League (Q).
Muhammad Mian Soomro
He became acting President from 18 August 2008 to 9 September 2008 through Pakistan Muslim League (N).
Asif Ali Zardari
He was born in 1955 in Karachi and became President of Pakistan on 9 September 2008 till 9 September 2013 and was the first President to complete five years tenure in the history of Pakistan through Pakistan Peoples Party.
Mamnoon Hussain was born in 1940 in Agra and became President of Pakistan on 9 September 2013 till 9 September 2018 on behave of the Pakistan Muslim League (N) and died in 2021 in Karachi.
He was born in 1949 in Karachi. And became President of Pakistan on 9 September 2018, now on behave of Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaaf.
This article explains the list of all Presidents of Pakistan from 1947 to 2022. Most of them did not complete their tenure only Asif Ali Zardari is the only one who completed five years tenure. Some were appointed through the military, and some were acting President.